When you hear of surgery, you usually think about the instruments in surgery rooms, including scalpels. However, it may not always be the case; lasers have revolutionized the way surgeons carry out the surgery. The use of lasers in surgery usually involves using special light beams to target specific areas for surgery. Laser surgery is almost bloodless and more precise than traditional surgery instruments.
Laser surgery uses laser beams to achieve the goal of a surgical procedure with minimal invasive effect. Doctors use laser surgery to treat skin diseases, perform eye surgery, and other complex surgical procedures such as removing cancerous tumors. Surgeons achieve their goal using laser surgery with minimally invasive procedures, minimal blood loss, less postoperative discomfort, and less chance of wood infection.
A surgeon uses a laser beam to vaporize, cut, and seal skin and tissues with the precision of a scalpel. Today, lasers occupy a vital role in treating a wide range of medical conditions and improving patient outcomes.
1.Dermatology and Cosmetic Laser Surgery
Dermatologists use some lasers such as dye and CO2 lasers to treat skin problems. Skin conditions treatable using lasers include scars and vascular lesions. Doctors also use photorejuvenation laser treatment for skin problems due to aging, such as wrinkles, skin spots, and skin texture. Sentient lasers are effective in cosmetic surgery, such as the removal of a tattoo.
The technology uses selective photothermolysis whereby a laser beam penetrates the skin, and its corresponding chromophore absorbs the laser beam, producing heat. The heat the process induces results in coagulation of the affected cells, thus eliminating the tissues. Laser beams dissolve the bonds of a material through a technique known as laser resurfacing.
Eye surgery is a medical procedure that involves using a beam of UV rays to reshape the shape of the eye. LASIK is the eye laser surgery responsible for correcting shortsightedness(myopia), farsightedness(hypermetropia), and astigmatism.
In photorefractive keratectomy, the laser removes a thin layer of the cornea. After removing the thin layer of the cornea, the doctors get into the underlying tissues and reshape the inner part of the eye. The doctors then create another layer of the cornea using the femtosecond laser. This procedure is known as laser-assisted in situ keratomileuses (LASIK).
3.Oral and Dental Surgery
Laser surgery is effective in oral and dental surgery, such as periodontal surgery. Oral and dental surgery uses CO2 lasers since they can target even tiny surfaces. Lasers are also able to remove soft tissues from the gum with infections. Some specific lasers are safe even with implants since the titanium implants can reflect the rays without affecting them.
4.Foot and Ankle Tumor Surgery
Lasers can treat tumors on the foot and ankle. The lasers find their application in removing both benign and malignant tumors. Lasers are also efficient in treating ingrown nails and nail fungus.
Lasers have found use in providing better surgical tools for surgeons.Lasers are in a wide range of modern surgeries and medical practices. From eye and tumor operations to dental and cosmetic laser procedures to treatment of pain and inflammation, lasers offer a safer alternative to other medical-surgical procedures. You can enhance your skin’s beauty using laser surgery technology to remove an unwanted tattoo.